Henna, Lawsonia Inermis
Henna (Botanical name: Lawsonia inermis) is a flowering plant which is native to tropical savannah and tropical arid zones in Africa, southern Asia, and Australasia. The English name “henna comes from the Arabic “ḥinnā”. Henna refers variously to the plant, the dye preparations made from the plant and the art of decorating the body with temporary patterns or ‘tattoos’.
Henna is a tall shrub or small tree which grows to around 2m – 3m high. The leaves can grow up to 5cm long and are smooth, glossy and elongated oval in shape. The veins on the surface of the leaf are slightly depressed.
It has small white flowers, with white or red stamens, which are followed by small fruits which contain up to 50 seeds.